Glasgow Rd (s2) – Westend to Priory Bridge

glasgow road

Every Building, every Century. From the book “Blantyre – Glasgow Road, The Real Story” by Paul Veverka (c) 2016 – 2018.

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From the illustrated social history book…

Blantyre – Glasgow Road South, The Real Story” by Paul Veverka (c) 2018.

Priory Bridge

    The Priory Bridge is an iconic name and structure in Blantyre that exists to this day and yet it is still surprising how many people wonder where it is. Whilst the bridge has been entirely closed off to traffic for several decades, it still stands proudly as an old monument to Blantyre’s history at the side of the new A724 re-profiled Glasgow Road to the South of the old Mavis Mill and to the North of Caldergrove Lodge. It spans the Rotten Calder River, which is the boundary between Blantyre Parish and that of Cambuslang. It’s actually very close to Glasgow Road itself and you can easily drive past on the way to Cambuslang, not knowing it’s there at the roadside within the woods.

Priory bridge

Priory Bridge on 1910 Map at Blantyre’s Boundary

   The bridge was sketched in 1799 by Jean Claude Nattes and is a fine example of stone vaulted arch construction. To the immediate North East side of the bridge was the Black Mill (Bardykes or Spittal Mill), which is now in ruins today.

   Described in 1859 as, “A Bridge over the “Rotten Calder Water” — the Boundary of the Parish, on the T. P. [ Turn Pike] Road between Glasgow & Hamilton. This Bridge is supposed, by the authorities given, to be as old as “Blantyre Priory.” No authentic information can be obtained, relative to its date, or probable date in any accounts of the Parish or the neighbourhood. There is however, a tradition in the neighbourhood of the Bridge. — “That when the building of the “Priory” was finished the Masons employed there were so numerous, that upon each bringing a Stone from the Priory they were sufficient to form the Bridge, which, was built in one night.” The Arch of this Bridge is not as wide as the Road over it. The alteration in the width of the Road, as stated by Mr. Jackson of Blantyre Park, was made about 50 years ago. (1809). The construction of the Bridge, which is not seen until under the Arch, is supposed to be of a very old date. As stated by R. Ker Esqr. of Auchinraith House, the description given of the Arch, shows it to be similar to the construction of Bothwell Bridge, before it was improved. The oldest & best authorities in the Parish have been applied to for information.

   The name “Prior” is a corruption of “Priory,” supposed to have been adopted for sake of abbreviation. The Session Records of the Parish, are at present being searched for any clue to the age of Prior Bridge. If anything of importance […] it will be immediately forwarded Tracing & Name Sheet of Cambuslang to be altered.”

   The account and suggestion of a 13th Century Bridge may be wishful thinking. It’s unlikely the bridge is as old as the Priory (13th Century) and it is more likely in design and architecture, 17th Century, noted on a 1634 map, although an older crossing at that point may have been entirely possible. One has to assume fully the bridge was not built in one evening! It got its latter name of the Priory Bridge, instead of Prior Bridge by the end of the 19th Century due to Blantyre Priory, which despite a little distance away, was still one of the nearest, adjacent and ancient Blantyre landmarks.

Fatal Fall from Priory Bridge

   On Saturday 21st June 1817 an open air stage coach travelling between Glasgow to Hamilton was involved in a fatal accident on top of the Priory Bridge at Blantyre. As the coach approached the bridge, an oncoming horse and cart startled the horses pulling the coach, and the passengers on top of the coach were alarmed as they were thrown from the side, as their coach toppled over. The coach didn’t topple right over, but fell leaning on top of the high Priory Bridge parapet wall, with such a movement and jolt that several passengers fell from the coach to the bridge.

   One passenger however, was not so lucky. A young man, named Bennie was thrown clear of the parapet right over the side of the Priory Bridge itself, and fell below in the River Calder. He was hurt so badly, he lived for only an hour afterwards. His body was so shockingly disfigured, for he had fallen a great distance from above on to rocks below. No other person was hurt, although there were several outside passengers on the coach. Mr. Bennie was a millwright who had been working at Camlachie and had been travelling to see his father in Blantyre, when the accident occurred.

   Those who know Priory Bridge will realise just what a great height this bridge is. The next picture is a mock up of the scene created using an actual sketch of the bridge from a similar time period and showing a coach and cart of the day, poised ready for the accident to happen.

1817-priory-bridge-accident

Our amended Sketch illustrating the 1817 fatal fall at Priory Bridge

Priory Bridge – The 20th Century

    In 1906, a spate of crimes took place on the Glasgow to Hamilton Road near the Priory Bridge, the cause being people taking advantage of no light. It was pitch black at night. People were being robbed travelling between Halfway and Blantyre. When girls and women started to be violated by molestation, the authorities had to act. It was proposed that lights should be put up for the full stretch paid by each county council from the Westend to the Sun Inn at Halfway. The cost of this proved prohibitive and was put off when it became known that the tram network was to be extended. Authorities hoped the tram companies would simply put a light on each tram standard at intervals. However, the cost of this was eventually borne by both tram company and authorities, initially only lighting part of the way. Crimes continued in this area for many years afterwards.

   When extending the tramlines from Blantyre to Cambuslang in 1907 this bridge represented a major obstacle. It was the source of a lot of expenditure to make the dual tram lanes run over it and connect with the nearby adjacent tram network. A passing line was also constructed next to the tram terminus, where cars could stack up and remain overnight without causing obstruction. At this time, the bridge started to become known also as “The Spittal Bridge” a reference to the nearby area being mined. Contrary to other writings, the bridge was never widened beyond 1907, nor ever encased in concrete.

    Its construction actually spans several decades and is a real mix of styles and type. From underneath you can see three clear stages of rebuilding or extension. In the centre is the early portion – a high single span arch of ashlar masonry, 3.3m wide. This original arch has the appearance of 17th or possibly early 18th century work. On either side is another extension constructed in approximately 1809 as outlined in the earlier account. This is furthered by the modern brick-and-girder extension of 1907 to accommodate tram and vehicular traffic. There is a moulded stone course round the arch of the original span. The top of the bridge is quite ‘modern’ dating from 1907.

 Highway Robbery at the Bridge

   In June 1910, a sensational affair was reported to the Cambuslang police. A man named Henry Kelly (28) visited his parents at 71 Main Street, Cambuslang. As he missed the last Lanarkshire tramcar at Cambuslang for Hamilton, he started to walk back towards Blantyre. He reached Priory Bridge about 1 a.m. Suddenly, he was accosted by two men, and asked for a match. Kelly complied with this request, and then his ‘no-gooders’ asked him if he “had anything on him.” “Do you mean drink?” queried Kelly. “Yes,” was the answer. ” Well, I don’t drink at all.” “Have you any money ?” ” Yes,” answered Kelly, “and I mean to keep it!”

2007-priory-bridge

Priory Bridge in 2007 photographed by Jim Brown

    A desperate struggle then took place on Priory Bridge, but ultimately the taller of the two men pinned Kelly’s arms, while the other turned out his pockets. Kelly still retained his watch and chain, and another fight took place over it. It was broken during the struggle. On Kelly demanding his money back, the taller of the two men lifted him and threw him over the parapet of the Priory Bridge into the river Calder, a drop of over 39 feet. How the unfortunate man got out he was not able to tell. When he recovered consciousness the murky water was running over his body. Kelly was able to reach home, but he was drenched to the skin, and covered with blood. The men were not caught and today, this crime would have been deemed an attempted murder.

   The trams traversed this bridge until the late 1920’s. Earthing guard wires were added to the tram network in 1923 between Priory Bridge and Springwell at a cost of £60. Various road realignments have also occurred in the 20th Century. The bridge was closed off to traffic and now also to pedestrians and has been so overcome by nature, there are trees actually growing on the bridge deck now in these post Millennium years. With the realigned road, Priory Bridge is a bridge to nowhere and consequently is not maintained. The structure is incredibly high and the steepness of the slopes immediately beside it, making it feel quite perilous to be in the area. Ivy trails over the side reach down almost to the water giving a romantic appearance to those adventurous enough to observe it from the river or steep embankments.

Priory Bridge Tram Heist

    Before we leave the Priory Bridge, let us tell you of a daring robbery at this location, the story worth telling here. Late on Saturday 9th April 1927, around 11.15pm, the last tramcar of the evening from Cambuslang was proceeding to the Power Station at Hamilton Road, Motherwell. To do this, it had to go through Blantyre as usual. Being so late, the car had only three passengers aboard, who occupied the inside of the car. It was around the Priory Bridge district (a quiet spot lying between Cambuslang and Blantyre) when three (it is alleged) young men stepped on to the parked tramcar and proceeded upstairs.

   The night was dark, and it was the custom and duty that tramcar drivers proceeding to the depot on the last run of each evening required to switch off the street lighting. These were days when electric lights on roadsides were new. They were not controlled centrally, but instead operated manually by control pillars on each road. One switch would kill the streetlights. The electric lights on this particular roadside were being switched off at the time by the driver of the car who had stopped and got out to do so.

   The fact that the lights on the roadside were out, coupled with the fact of the loneliness of the remote road, made the intentions of the men easier than if the lights had been on. However, the conductor, after the lapse of a second or so, proceeded upstairs to the open top-deck of his car to collect the fares from his three new “countryside” passengers who had boarded at an unofficial stop.

   It was when he had reached the top that he noticed the three men had seated themselves in different parts of the car and were strangely not sitting beside each other, despite being previously observed chatting with each other. An uneasiness descended as the streetlights were put out adjacent to the car and the tram plunged into darkness. Approaching the nearest man, the conductor was informed that the tickets were being procured by the “other chap over there,” meaning of course the passenger further along.

    The conductor then proceeded to the next man and inquired about the tickets for all 3 passengers, and was in the act of punching the tickets when he was set upon from behind! A heavy blow being dealt on the back of his head by a blunt weapon of some kind or other. No sooner had the severe blow been received than the conductor felt a hand being forced over his mouth, whilst efforts were being made to pull his bag of money from off his shoulder. This was a robbery.

   The conductor, however, appeared to have been stunned by the blow on the head, but he managed momentarily to free himself and in a brave moment, bit the hand which covered his mouth, biting his assailant’s finger. With his mouth free, the conductor called out for help to the driver, all the time struggling against his 3 attackers in their desperate attempt to get a hold of his bag of cash. However, the driver heard the commotion upstairs, stopped his lighting duties immediately and ran back to the tramcar. Hearing his fellow-worker’s call for aid, he shouted back he was coming.

   The robbers now realised their “game was up,” and knowing that the driver was likely now to be the scene at once, they made their escape fast as foot could carry them down the stairway at the opposite end of the tramcar and back into the darkness at Priory Bridge. The conductor appeared to be somewhat dazed, and was suffering from the effects of the blow his head. He had a nasty wound, which was bleeding profusely. Aid was summoned, and the local county police were informed of the untoward event. The bag was held by the conductor and it was later found that only 1s 9d was missing. The men were unknown to the conductor and it was not thought that any arrest was made.

    Dr, Wilson in Blantyre, had been early on the scene, and attended the injured conductor who was later removed to his home. The conductor was James Wilson, a young Motherwell man. This was just a couple of years prior to the trams ending and we’re sure would have prompted a lot more awareness against similar things happening.

1910-spittal-bridge-blantyre-1

Tramcar passing over Priory Bridge (at Spittal) in 1910s

Road Re-alignment

   In January 1927, plans were announced to upgrade the road between Cambuslang and Priory Bridge at a sum of £80,000. Further improvements were budgeted to bypass the Priory Bridge at a cost of £32,000 and to eventually remove the redundant tram standards. By May 1928, there had been complaints that the road was still not complete. Mr. A.B Maxwell (Councilor) of Blantyre stated that he saw no fewer than 3 buses per day stranded on the unfinished road that needed assistance to get moving again. Councilors agreed it needed to be expedited before the public made such observations.

   In 1992 and 1993 the main road was given its most extensive upgrade, removing as many bends and dips as possible, with safety at the forefront. Despite this and the visible improvement, accidents have still happened.

1920s bad bend at Spittal wm

Spittal & Dalton Accidents

   As well as bad bend in the road leading to Halfway, there were several dips, which caused the road to flood. In Winter, it would freeze over and caused a horrifying amount of vehicle accidents throughout the 20th Century.

   Michael Duddy (58) of Northway was killed in January 1967 when his motorcycle collided with a car one Saturday night on Hamilton Road near Spittal Farm. We remember the many people killed on this stretch of road within this chapter. Amongst them, on Saturday 7th July 1928, two men riding a motor cycle travelling towards Hamilton were killed in a collision with a Glasgow-bound bus that night at Priory Bridge. The bridge was reached on both sides a steep “S’’ formation, and it was on one the curves that the accident took place. The motorcycle immediately burst into flames, but the men were extricated and immediate medical assistance was rendered. The men were terribly injured, one them having both legs broken, fracture of the skull, and severe injuries to the face. He was wholly unconscious, and the other, who suffered somewhat similar injuries, was semiconscious. They were conveyed to the Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, but died on the way. The men were Henry Mullen and Walter Duckenfield, both of Denny.

   On Friday 10th November 1939, forty seven year old Alexander McFarlane was killed at Blantyre’s Priory Bridge. The man who resided at 21 Craig Street had been walking home and was killed outright when run down by a stray motor car.

   We remember also two women and a boy who were tragically killed on Thursday 20th April 1967 when their car collided with a heavy lorry at Spittal.

   The car had been heading towards Glasgow and shortly before noon it came off the road, killing all three people instantly. The car left the road at a downhill bend, ploughed through a fence and came to rest in a field.

   The light blue Hillman Minx car was completely wrecked (as pictured), but the sorrow that day most definitely was learning that there were fatalities. Two ambulances and a fire engine were called out and all emergency services were deeply saddened to see the tragedy.

   Mrs Irene Lillico (39), manageress of the Tillietudlum Hotel and her only child Archie (5) perished, along with Mrs. May Stirling of Netherburn a mother of 2 children. Both adults were in the front of the car, the child in the back, when it is believed the car became out of control and crashed into the path of the oncoming lorry, rebounding it towards the fence and field. William McGinlay, a lorry driver from Glasgow, aged 44 was uninjured.

crash

Fatal Crash in 1967 at Spittal

   Other people who died on this road over the years include unfortunate souls remembered here from the Beaton, Chambers, Couser, Hendry, Gordon and Thomson families. These people and others who passed away here were all much loved and not forgotten. This stretch of road was notoriously dangerous and claimed lives right into the 1990’s before being properly upgraded in 1992 and 1993, removing most of the dangerous inclines and bends. Accidents continued after the upgrade but were far less frequent.

Caldergrove Row

   On the 1896 map, there is a curious block of 8 small homes, single storey all terraced directly opposite the Caldergrove Lodge House. What makes this curiously interesting is that they’re not in the 1891 census nor the 1895 valuation roll or indeed in the 1901 census. Certainly not shown anymore on the 1910 map. As such they could only have existed sometime between 1896 and 1900, at the very most no more than 4 years.

Caldergrove row

The row at Caldergrove on 1896 map

   Built on Marshall family land on the Caldergrove estate, they may have been hastily erected wooden or brick homes or huts as overspill for servants working on the nearby Caldergrove Estate, mansion house, offices and formal gardens. Servants tended to live in the Caldergrove House itself so these homes could have been temporary accommodation for contractors for renovation works or perhaps associated with nearby Spittal Colliery.

   At the back of was another smaller block, most likely a washhouse or communal toilet. Another reason altogether may exist that explains these properties. No formal name can be found for these homes in documentation, their short existence little known about.

   Today, the flat, gated field is still there, but there is no sign of any terraced buildings that once formed this little row at Caldergrove. A handful of small stones can be found amongst the grass, the remnants of small foundations.

Archaeology at Dalton

   Although slightly outwith Blantyre Parish into Cambuslang Parish, this next example of an archaeology find is interesting enough to tell here, and is good evidence of early habitation in this general area. In November 1930, two stone cists or and a cremation deposit were uncovered during the construction of Dalton School, Cambuslang. They are believed to be many hundreds of years old, predating Medieval times.

dalton

1930 Archaeological find in 1930

   One cist, covered by a capstone measuring 1.1m by 0.8m, consisted of four sandstone slabs and measured 0.7m by 0.5m internally and 0.5m in depth. An upright Food Vessel was found on the floor, but there were no skeletal remains. The second cist, about 2m further W, had been disturbed, but also contained a Food Vessel; the capstone measured 1.4m by 1.1m. A deposit of cremated bones was discovered in a hollow dug about 0.6m into the ground at a distance of 2.1m E of the first cist.

   The Food Vessels are now in Glasgow Art Gallery and Museum (Accession nos: ’55-96). There are other examples of finds in the fields near Flemington and Dalton, perhaps an ideal place for early settlement due to the proximity to Dechmont Hill, believed to have once been an ancient fort.

   Our final picture below has a tramcar it is final years, heading towards Blantyre on the Glasgow Road, the turn off for Dalton and Flemington, on the left hand side. A snowy scene from the 1920’s.

1920s Tram 3 wm

Blantyre tram approaches from Cambuslang

   We’re now of course sufficiently beyond Blantyre Parish boundaries in our exploration along Glasgow Road and as such, our fascinating journey on the South side comes to an end.

Thus concludes our look at Glasgow Road South. For Glasgow Road North , click here.

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